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The Efficacy of Short-Term Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) Administration on Locomotor Muscle Microvascular Function in Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF).

Semester: Summer 2023


Presentation description

Background: Patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) exhibit locomotor muscle microvascular dysfunction due partly to reduced nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a requisite cofactor for the enzymatic production of NO by NO synthase (NOS). BH4 insufficiency promotes NOS uncoupling, which reduces NO production and augments cellular oxidative stress. Given the potential of BH4 to improve NO bioavailability, we tested the hypothesis that short-term BH4 administration would improve locomotor muscle microvascular function in patients with HFpEF.||Methods: Eight patients with HFpEF (74±7 years; 31.3±4.9 kg/m2) participated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study, having consumed either BH4 (Sapropterin, 10 mg/kg) or placebo for 10 days, separated by a 14-day washout period. Locomotor muscle microvascular function was assessed as leg blood flow (LBF) and leg vascular conductance (LVC) responses to passive leg movement (PLM) before (pre) and after (post) each treatment. PLM-induced LBF and LVC responses were expressed as peak change (Δpeak) or total hyperemic response (area under the curve; AUC). Results: LBFΔpeak did not change following BH4 (267 ± 136 mL/min vs. 250 ± 101 mL/min) or placebo (317 ± 119 mL/min vs. 269 ± 97 mL/min) administration (pre vs. post; p>0.05). Similarly, LVCΔpeak was unchanged following either BH4 (396 ± 165 mL/min/100mmHg vs. 465 ± 180 mL/min/100mmHg) or placebo (579 ± 238 mL/min/100mmHg vs. 496 ± 185 mL/min/100mmHg) administration (pre vs. post; p>0.05). The changes in LBFAUC and LVCAUC were not affected by either treatment (LBFAUC; BH4: 91 ± 103 mL vs. 82 ± 69 mL; placebo: 148 ± 119 mL vs. 87 ± 81 mL; LVCAUC; BH4: 65 ± 55 mL/100mmHg vs. 98 ± 78 mL/100mnHg; placebo:ï€ ï„182 ± 127 mL/100mmHg vs. 105 ± 94 mL/100mmHg) (pre vs. post; p>0.05). Conclusion: Short-term BH4 administration did not improve locomotor muscle microvascular function in patients with HFpEF.

Presenter Name: Jonah Simmons

Presentation Type: Poster
Presentation Format: In Person
Presentation #22
College: Medicine
School / Department: Internal Medicine
Research Mentor: Kanokwan Bunsawat
Date | Time: Thursday, Aug 3rd | 10:30 AM