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A catalog of nearby accelerating star candidates in Gaia DR3

Year: 2023

Presenter Name: Joshua Hill

Additional Presenters:
Marc Whiting (
We describe a new catalog of accelerating star candidates with Gaia G ≤ 17.5 and distances d ≤ 100 pc. Designated as Gaia Nearby Accelerating Star Catalog (GNASC), it contains 28,218 members identified using a supervised machine-learning algorithm trained on the Hipparcos-Gaia Catalog of Accelerations, Gaia Data Release 2, and Gaia Early Data Release 3. We take advantage of the difference in observation timelines of the two Gaia catalogs and information about the quality of the astrometric modeling based on the premise that acceleration will correlate with astrometric uncertainties. Catalog membership is based on whether constant proper motion over three decades can be ruled out at high confidence (greater than 99.9%). Test data suggests that catalog members each have a 68% likelihood of true astrometric acceleration; subsets of the catalog perform even better, with the
likelihood exceeding 85%. We compare the GNASC with Gaia Data Release 3 and its table of stars for which acceleration is detected at high confidence based on precise astrometric fits. Our catalog, derived without this information, captured over 96% of sources in the table that meet our selection criteria. In addition, the GNASC contains bright, nearby candidates that were not in the original Hipparcos survey, including members of known binary systems as well as stars with companions yet to be identified. It thus extends the Hipparcos-Gaia Catalog of Accelerations and demonstrates the potential of the machine-learning approach to discover hidden partners of nearby stars in future astrometric surveys.
University / Institution: University of Utah
Type: Oral
Format: In Person
SESSION C (1:45-3:15PM)
Area of Research: Science & Technology
Faculty Mentor: Ben Bromley
Location: Alumni House, HENRIKSEN ROOM (1:45pm)