SPUR 2022 Projects: Social & Behavioral Science

Psychology | College of Social & Behavioral Science
Gender Studies | School for Cultural & Social Transformation


SOCIAL SAFETY ACROSS THE SPECTRUM OF SEXUAL AND GENDER DIVERSITY

Lisa Diamond, Professor

Over the past several years I have become interested in understanding the biopsychosocial mechanisms through which stigma and marginalization "get under the skin" to shape the health and well-being of individuals who are socially marginalized because of their sexuality or gender (queer people, asexual people, nonbinary people, trans people, etc). Previous research on these topics has focused on "minority stressors" that face these individuals (everyday discrimination, victimization, family rejection, etc). Yet I have become convinced that the absence of social safety (i.e., the absence of clear unambiguous indicators that you are included, valued, and affirmed in your social world) is just as detrimental as the presence of explicit discrimination. Social safety is a difficult construct to assess, and I have been engaged in a number of different projects attempting to capture and understand how social safety, in the lives of sexually-diverse and gender-diverse individuals, influences their mental and physical health, and how best we can INCREASE social safety for marginalized individuals.

Learn more »

Psychology | College of Social & Behavioral Science
Neuroscience Program


UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF LISTENING EFFORT ON SENTENCE PROCESSING AND MEMORY IN SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS: EVIDENCE FROM SIMULTANEOUS ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY AND PUPILLOMETRY

Brennan Payne, Assistant Professor

Uploaded image

Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) affects nearly 50% of adults over the age of 60 and has a profoundly negative effect on speech comprehension, leading to increased social isolation, reduced quality of life, and increased risk for the development of dementia in older adulthood. This NIH-funded research project will use combined pupillometry and cognitive event-related brain potentials to characterize the effects of listening effort on comprehension and memory functioning in older adults with and without hearing loss. If successful, this project will lead to the identification of objective and reliable neural markers of comprehension and memory processes impaired by SNHL, leading to better future clinical assessment and the improved design of evidence-based interventions to improve speech comprehension and memory in aging.

Learn more »